[OS] Debian Stretch

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Mon Nov 25, 2019 9:05 pm

odro-volti wrote:
Mon Nov 25, 2019 6:30 pm
..., would it be save/recommended to upgrade the kernel as described some posts earlier here in this thread?
as described where?
Debian Stretch and Debian Buster use the same Kernel. The Kernel is installed from a different repository that is the same for all OS.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by odro-volti » Mon Nov 25, 2019 10:30 pm

chromodoris wrote:
Wed Aug 21, 2019 4:51 am
...
I just had to have

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deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian buster main contrib non-free
in my /etc/apt/sources.list configuration file, and run the two commands

Code: Select all

aptitude install linux-image-4.19.0-5-armmp
cp /usr/lib/linux-image-4.19.0-5-armmp/exynos5422-odroid* /boot
....
After that, I rebooted and my board started flawlessly with the 4.19 kernel. ...
kind regards

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Mon Nov 25, 2019 11:48 pm

That Kernel is from Debian itself (not from me), it is not the Kernel for the ODROID XU4 (but a general ARM kernel) and does not provide all features available on ODROID XU4.
It probably works for headless servers, but may not support things like HDMI output, GPU support, G2D support and other features.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by odro-volti » Tue Nov 26, 2019 1:48 am

...as the XU4 is a NAS, nothing but ssh, mdadm, samba needed. But are there any problems to be expected in the future with a mix of the "standard ARM" kernel and the buster packages added to the "old" stretch install based on the special kernel?
kind regards

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Tue Nov 26, 2019 3:35 am

when you updated to buster there is no old Stretch stuff installed it's all being replaced.
If the Kernel from Debian Buster works for you on the XU4 and your usecase I doubt it will cause any issue if use that for future updates.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by odro-volti » Tue Nov 26, 2019 3:53 am

I think I will give it a try, otherwise I try again to get a functional copy of the old SD-card and nothing (except for a few hours to get dd running) will be lost.

Many thanks!
kind regards

volti

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by odro-volti » Tue Nov 26, 2019 7:29 pm

Although I removed all older kernels and other old stuff, apparently /boot is too small for the operation (the standard ARM kernel is much larger than the custom XU4 kernel):

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apt install linux-image-4.19.0-6-armmp
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
linux-image-4.19.0-6-armmp is already the newest version (4.19.67-2+deb10u2).
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
1 not fully installed or removed.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Setting up linux-image-4.19.0-6-armmp (4.19.67-2+deb10u2) ...
/etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools:
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.19.0-6-armmp
Image Name:   uInitrd
Created:      Tue Nov 26 10:21:24 2019
Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (uncompressed)
Data Size:    7906045 Bytes = 7720.75 KiB = 7.54 MiB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point:  00000000

gzip: stdout: No space left on device
E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1
update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-4.19.0-6-armmp with 1.
run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1
dpkg: error processing package linux-image-4.19.0-6-armmp (--configure):
 installed linux-image-4.19.0-6-armmp package post-installation script subprocess returned error exit status 1
Errors were encountered while processing:
 linux-image-4.19.0-6-armmp
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)
kind regards

volti

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Tue Nov 26, 2019 10:33 pm

can you post the output of:

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ls -la /boot/
That way we can check what's using up the space.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by odro-volti » Tue Nov 26, 2019 10:47 pm

After I saw the error message posted in my last post, the odroid was basically dead, no reboot ("command unknown" or something like that) no nothing, I had to pull the plug for reboot and the machine luckily came back with the old kernel and 0% free space on boot...

The kernel image I downloaded had 20+MB on boot plus the different files (initrd.img, vmlinuz etc.) for the new kernel.

I have removed anything related to the new kernel and have now here:

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/boot# ls -al
total 37175
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root   16384 Jan  1  1970 .
drwxr-xr-x 21 root root    1024 Nov 26 10:09 ..
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    9958 Jul 25 16:26 boot.ini
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    9806 Mar 24  2018 boot.ini.orig
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root  151244 Nov  2 07:44 config-4.14.150+
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root   56225 Nov 26 10:13 exynos5422-odroidxu4.dtb
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 7906045 Nov 24 16:06 initrd.img-4.14.150+
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 2702459 Nov  2 07:44 System.map-4.14.150+
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 7906109 Nov 26 10:21 uInitrd
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 7906109 Nov 26 10:21 uInitrd-4.14.150+
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 5695952 Nov  2 07:44 vmlinuz-4.14.150+
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 5695952 Nov 18 17:26 zImage
and

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/boot# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            930M     0  930M   0% /dev
tmpfs           200M  7.4M  193M   4% /run
/dev/mmcblk1p2   13G  967M   12G   8% /
tmpfs           998M     0  998M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs           998M     0  998M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/mmcblk1p1   71M   37M   35M  52% /boot
/dev/md0        3.6T  1.6T  1.9T  47% /mnt/md0
IMHO /boot should have some 200MB or so, with modern SD-card no problem to have even more...

_______________

Edit: The system on this SD-card was basically dead, as "reboot" or "shutdown -h now" all resulted in "command not found. I put in a fresh copy of the original Stretch install and now everything back to normal. Don't know if I give it another try. Maybe better to wait for a new Buster image...
kind regards

volti

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Wed Nov 27, 2019 3:59 am

odro-volti wrote:
Tue Nov 26, 2019 10:47 pm
IMHO /boot should have some 200MB or so, with modern SD-card no problem to have even more...
On newer images it's bigger, the image was still the same from Debian Jessie back then with Kernel 3.10 which is much much smaller and size was never an issue.
Only with Kernel 4.x the size became an issue, but newer images do have larger boot partitions.
You should be able to resize bootfs and rootfs via gparted relatively easy using another Linux PC though.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by Musakilic » Wed Nov 27, 2019 10:28 pm

Hi i need your help
İ have wifi module 0 but not work
Pls help me how can i install wifi module 0 usb wifi

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Wed Nov 27, 2019 11:55 pm

can you check if the Realtek Firmware drivers are installed?

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apt-get install firmware-realtek
Generally it should work and the drivers should be part of the Kernel.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by odro-volti » Thu Nov 28, 2019 1:46 am

Hi!

Assuming you are using an USB-wifi adapter: What is the output of

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lsusb -v
and

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dmesg
after pluggin in the stick? (Boot the odroid without the stick...)
kind regards

volti

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by Musakilic » Thu Nov 28, 2019 4:49 am

meveric wrote:
Wed Nov 27, 2019 11:55 pm
can you check if the Realtek Firmware drivers are installed?

Code: Select all

apt-get install firmware-realtek
Generally it should work and the drivers should be part of the Kernel.


MediaTek(Ralink) RT5370N chipset (VID:PID = 148F:5370 )

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Thu Nov 28, 2019 6:19 am

maybe also install firmware-ralink just in case :D
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by Musakilic » Thu Nov 28, 2019 12:39 pm

İts done but not work firefox and chrominum
Firefox dont open than give crash report
Pls help me

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Thu Nov 28, 2019 4:27 pm

There are some known issues with Firefox and Chromium in different versions.
For Debian Stretch you probably have to install a specific version to make it run.

Try:

Code: Select all

apt-get install chromium=63.0.3239.84-1~deb9u1
apt-mark hold chromium
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by Musakilic » Sat Nov 30, 2019 11:32 pm

Good thanks other question
Movies and also youtube clip or movies very play very slow moving.
How can i do my friend

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Sun Dec 01, 2019 8:56 pm

on the first post there is explained what you need to do to activate hardware acceleration on Chromium.
Please note, that this only is for hardware accelerated browsing. There is NO video hardware acceleration for Chromium.

For hardware accelerated video playback you can either use Kodi (which is recommended) or ffplay from the ffmpeg package. This commandline tool allows you to define v4l2_m2m as a decoder which is hardware accelerated on the ODROID XU4.
But I highly recommend Kodi instead. I also recommend installing Kodi via setup-odroid as it will setup required firmware and stuff for you automatically.

On the desktop you could als try "mpv" as a video player... although not hardware accelerated it should be fast enough for most videos anyway.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by BadPritt » Mon Feb 17, 2020 4:15 am

Hi Meveric. I've finally finished my video. I took a brake of a month. So it's later then expected.
Thanks for all your work.
Here's the video.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Mon Feb 17, 2020 7:00 am

Your release date is a bit off ;)
The release date mentioned in your video might match the XU4Q but the device is MUCH MUCH older and was first released in 2014 as the ODROID XU3 which had the same SoC but a different board layout.
The ODROID XU4 was released in 2015.
So your release date with 2016 is about 2 years off ;)
That's something people always forget when they compare the XU4 with a RPi4 or something and are like "well it has no 4k, it has no H265, it has no on board Wifi".

Sadly in Debian Stretch the armhf packages from Debian directly for Chromium are broken, therefore I have ported the last working version of Chromium for Debian Stretch:
You can install it with:

Code: Select all

apt install chromium=63.0.3239.84-1~deb9u1
apt-mark hold chromium
That way you have a working version of Chromium. But it's good to know vivaldi is working fine as well :)
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by BadPritt » Mon Feb 17, 2020 3:29 pm

meveric wrote:
Mon Feb 17, 2020 7:00 am
So your release date with 2016 is about 2 years off ;)
Now I see, the C2 was 2016. I didn't read the wiki well.

"ODROID - Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org › wiki › ODROID
Vertaal deze pagina
The ODROID is a series of single-board computers and tablet computers created by Hardkernel ... Release date, February 2016; 4 years ago (2016-02). Introductory price, US ... Several models of ODROID's have been released by Hardkernel. The first generation ... ODROID-XU4, 2015, Exynos 5422 Octa big.LITTLE ARM ..."

Amazing it still can perform good vs others so long after release.
My first Odroid was the C2 in 2017. So I don't know much of the history. I've always need to make at least one mistake in a video.
Thank you.
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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by frtorres » Sun Jun 21, 2020 7:40 am

Hi @meveric

It seems that this kernel:

Linux debian-stretch 4.14.180+ #1 SMP PREEMPT Wed May 20 14:57:20 UTC 2020 armv7l GNU/Linux

is the latest present in the repo.

Questions:

1. May I test other kernels from repository like in any Linux Desktop by means of grub entries? Is there any similar tool for XU4 board in this distro?
2. Are Stretch repos in sync with debian main stretch repos?
3. Firefox is not working. I read from other area in this site a reference to: https://github.com/jdonald/firefox-armhf
4. To have the required gpu drivers, is just a matter of: apt-get install --reinstall malit628-odroid, is there any additional setting to customize?

Thanks @meveric for this distro, and your hard work.

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Re: [OS] Debian Stretch

Post by meveric » Sun Jun 21, 2020 8:24 am

frtorres wrote:
Sun Jun 21, 2020 7:40 am
Questions:

1. May I test other kernels from repository like in any Linux Desktop by means of grub entries? Is there any similar tool for XU4 board in this distro?
Not directly and not how the image is currently working.
The Kernel is loaded via u-boot and boot.ini
The boot.ini points to the Kernel files that are available.
It will load the zImage file (kernel) uInitrd (Initramfs) and dtb (hardware device tree file)
For simplicity these always have the same name.
Technically a u-boot grub would have the ability to select different Kernel but you don't have any output during this stage of loading the image, so any menu available would only work via UART serial console which makes it rather unpractical.
frtorres wrote:
Sun Jun 21, 2020 7:40 am
2. Are Stretch repos in sync with debian main stretch repos?
Nothing needs to be synced, as these ARE the Debian main stretch repos. This is a standard Debiab Stretch image (for arm)
But I added new repositories, which provide my Kernel and software that I created specifically for ODROIDs. But that's on top of the standard Debian.
frtorres wrote:
Sun Jun 21, 2020 7:40 am
3. Firefox is not working. I read from other area in this site a reference to: https://github.com/jdonald/firefox-armhf
The FireFox on this image is provided by Debian (standard repos), I have no control over them.
Overall Chromium has much better arm support than FireFox. In fact if you want hardware acceleration, like WebGL support, this will only work with Chromium.
frtorres wrote:
Sun Jun 21, 2020 7:40 am
4. To have the required gpu drivers, is just a matter of: apt-get install --reinstall malit628-odroid, is there any additional setting to customize?
That depends on the setting of the image and the user you want to use to access it.
malit628-odroid is the pure GPU drivers, nothing else.
You need access to /dev/mali0, if your user is for example not part of the video group it probably doesn't have access to it, or you might actually configure access to this device first.
Also the drivers only work under X11, so you can't start a application from terminal, without X11 for example.
It also means you need to setup an X11 environment that load the appropriate X11 bindings for the GPU drivers. In our case this is the armsoc driver, which I also provide for this image.
You also need a correct xorg.conf file that tells the system to use the armsoc driver.

For easy usage I provide a tool called setup-odroid on this image, which has a small menu that allows you to install a Desktop Environment (for example MATE desktop) and it will automatically install and configure GPU drivers for you.
These users thanked the author meveric for the post:
frtorres (Sat Jun 27, 2020 1:21 pm)
Donate to support my work on the ODROID GameStation Turbo Image for U2/U3 XU3/XU4 X2 X C1 as well as many other releases.
Check out the Games and Emulators section to find some of my work or check the files in my repository to find the software i build for ODROIDs.
If you want to add my repository to your image read my HOWTO integrate my repo into your image.

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